House of Windsor Centennial to be Celebrated
NEWARK, NJ – The New Jersey History Society will mark 100 years to the name change of the British Royal family from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the English Windsor next weekend.
Peter Phillips, the son of late princess Anne, the daughter of Queen Elizabeth II, will be the guest of honor of the main event taking place at Newark Symphony Hall. “This is a historical moment in European history, which led to the abolishment of most large monarchies in the old continent, but not in the UK”, says John Walsh, the Society’s President in an interview to The Essex Times. “We plan to discuss how history could have been different had this change not been made. I believe, for example, that the monarchy would have been abolished also in the UK”.
High anti-German sentiment amongst the people of the British Empire during World War I reached a peak in March 1917, when the Gotha G.IV, a heavy aircraft capable of crossing the English Channel, began bombing London directly and became a household name. Also in 1917, King George's first cousin, Nicholas II, the Emperor of Russia, was forced to abdicate, which raised the spectre of the eventual abolition of all the monarchies in Europe. King George V and his family were finally convinced to abandon all titles held under the German Crown and to change German titles and house names to anglicized versions. On July 17, 1917, a royal proclamation issued by George V declared a name change from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor. The houses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Windsor have provided five British monarchs to date, including four kings and the present queen, Elizabeth II.
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